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Chinese Language Forums - Chinese Etymology Institute • View topic - 說卦 (Explanations about Yijing)

說卦 (Explanations about Yijing)

說卦 (Explanations about Yijing)

Postby yijing » Sat Aug 20, 2011 11:19 pm

  昔者聖人之作易也,幽贊于神明而生蓍,參天兩地而倚數,觀變于陰陽而立卦,發揮于剛柔而生爻,和順于道德而理于義,窮理盡性以至于命。



  昔者聖人之作易也,將以順性命之理,是以立天之道,曰陰與陽;立地之道,曰柔與剛;立人之道,曰仁與義。兼三才而兩之,故易六畫而成卦;分陰分陽,迭 用柔剛,故易六位而成章。



  天地定位,山澤通氣。雷風相薄,水火不相射。八卦相錯,數往者順,知來者 逆,是故易逆數也。



  雷以動之,風以散之,雨以潤之,日以恆之,艮以止之,兌以說之,乾以君之,坤以藏之。



  帝出乎震,齊乎巽,相見乎離,致役乎坤;說言乎兌,戰乎乾,勞乎坎,成言乎 艮。萬物出乎震,震,東方也;齊乎巽,巽,東南也;齊也者,言萬物之絮齊也。離也者,明也,萬物皆相見,南方之卦也;聖人南面而聽天下,向明而治,蓋取諸 此也。坤也者,地也,萬物皆致養焉,故曰﹕致役乎坤。兌,正秋也,萬物之所說也, 故曰﹕說言乎兌。戰乎乾,乾,西北之卦也,言陰陽相薄也。坎者,水也,正北方 之卦也,勞卦也,萬物之所歸也,故曰﹕勞乎坎。艮,東北之卦也,萬物之所成終 而所成始也,故曰﹕成言乎艮。



  神也者,妙萬物而為言者也。動萬物者,莫疾乎雷;橈萬物者,莫疾乎風;燥 萬物者,莫焊乎火;說萬物者,莫說乎澤;潤萬物者,莫潤乎水;終萬物始萬物者,莫盛乎艮。故水火不相逮,雷風不相悖,山澤通氣,然後能變化既成萬物也。



  乾,健也;坤,順也;震,動也;巽,入也;坎,陷也;離,麗也;艮,止也; 兌,說也。



  乾為馬;坤為牛;震為龍;巽為雞;坎為豕;離為雉;艮為狗;兌為羊。



  乾,天也,故稱乎父;坤,地也,故稱乎母;震一索而得男,故謂之長男;巽 一索而得女,故謂之長女;坎再索而得男,故謂之中男;離再索而得女,故謂之中 女;艮三索而得男,故謂之少男;兌三索而得女,故謂之少女。



  乾為天,為圜,為君,為父,為玉,為金,為寒,為冰,為大赤,為良馬,為 老馬,為瘠馬,為駁馬,為木果。



  坤為地,為母,為布,為釜,為吝嗇,為均,為子母牛,為大輿,為文,為眾, 為柄;其于地也為黑。



  震為雷,為龍,為玄黃,為 ,為大涂,為長子,為決躁,為蒼莨竹,為萑葦; 其于馬也,為善鳴,為 足,為作足,為的顙;其于稼也,為反生;其究為健,為 蕃鮮。



  巽為木,為風,為長女,為繩直,為工,為白,為長,為高,為進退,為不果, 為臭;其于人也,為寡發,為廣顙,為多白眼,為近利市三倍;其究為躁卦。



  坎為水,為溝瀆,為隱伏,為矯揉,為弓輪;其于人也,為加憂,為心病,為 耳痛,為血卦,為赤;其于馬也,為美脊,為亟心,為下首,為薄蹄,為曳;其 行輿也,為多眚,為通,為月,為盜;其于木也,為堅多心。



  離為火,為日,為電,為中女,為甲冑,為戈兵;其于人也,為大腹,為干卦, 為鱉,為蟹,為蠃,為蚌,為龜;其于木也,為科上槁。



  艮為山,為徑路,為小石,為門闕,為果蘿,為閽寺,為指,為狗,為鼠,為 黔喙之屬;其于木也,為堅多節。



  兌為澤,為少女,為巫,為口舌,為毀折,為附決;其于地也,為剛鹵;為妾, 為羊。

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